Vocabulary for hypogonadism
How to pronounce hypogonadism - hi-po meaning low and go-nad-ism meaning ovary or testicle
The gonads of the woman (ovaries) and the man (testicles) produce the same hormones, progesterone, testosterone, dhea and estradiol in differing amounts.
Eugonadal - normal gonadal hormone levels. The gonadal hormones normally replaced are progesterone, testosterone, dhea and estradiol in order of amount produced.
Eugonadal hormone replacement - replacement of gonadal hormones in the right amounts in the right way. Perhaps you have heard of euthyroid or eucortisol
Hormone replacement therapy - Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is one of the most successful areas of medicine. HRT is successful for endocrinopathies (thyroid, diabetes, cortisol, growth hormone, etc.) when done correctly. Successful HRT uses 1) pure hormones (bio-identical), 2) carefully measured 3) carefully monitored 4) age independent 5) recommended for life, and 6) results in better health which remains after treatment. The Women's Health Initiative did not use HRT even though it said it did.
Hypogonadism - Hypogonadism occurs when 1-2 gonadal (ovarian or testicular) hormones fall below normal levels. Usually, the first to drop below normal levels are testosterone and progesterone. Hypogonadism creates the same symptoms in women and men. Another name for hypogonadism in women is peri -menopause.
Profound hypogonadism - Profound hypogonadism occurs when 3 or more gonadal (ovarian or testicular) hormones are below normal. It generally does not occur in men because the gonads of the man, the testicles, can continue to make sperm into old age. In women, the gonads, ovaries, contain a set number of eggs and when those eggs run out the ovary can no longer make its hormones. Once the ovaries have run out of eggs a woman is said to be in menopause.
It is important to understand that menopause occurs when the ovaries have run out of eggs and can no longer make hormones, not because the body doesn't need ovarian hormones any longer.